Bereshit / בְּרֵאשִׁית is the first distinctive word of this Torah Portion.
From Wikipedia Bereshit:
Bereshit, Bereishit, Bereshis, Bereishis, B'reshith, Beresh't, Beresheet, or Bereishees (בְּרֵאשִׁית – Hebrew for "in a beginning," the first word in the parashah) is the first weekly Torah portion (פָּרָשָׁה, parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading. The parashah consists of Genesis 1:1–6:8. In the parashah, God creates the heavens, the world, Adam and Eve, and Sabbath. A snake convinces Eve, who then invites Adam, to eat the fruit of tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which God had forbidden to them. So God curses them and expels them from the Garden of Eden.
One of their sons, Cain, becomes the first murderer, killing his brother Abel out of jealousy. Adam and Eve have other children, whose descendants populate the Earth. Each generation becomes more and more degenerate until God, despairing, decides to destroy humanity. Only one man, Noah, finds God's favor.
The parashah is made up of 7,235 Hebrew letters, 1,931 Hebrew words, 146 verses, and 241 lines in a Torah Scroll (סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה, Sefer Torah). Jews read it on the first Sabbath after Simchat Torah, generally in October, or rarely, in late September or early November. Jews also read the beginning part of the parashah, Genesis 1:1–2:3, as the second Torah reading for Simchat Torah, after reading the last parts of the Book of Deuteronomy, Parashah V'Zot HaBerachah, Deuteronomy 33:1–34:12.
The text is Genesis 1:1-6:8.
English Language Translations
- Oremus.org (NRSV)
- Sefaria.org (JPS 1985)
- ReformJudaism.org: Translation from The Torah: A Modern Commentary
- Academic-Bible.com (NETBible Translation)
- BlueLetterBible.org (NASB and other translations)
Historic Jewish Commentaries
- Interdenominational Jewish Perspectives
- Reform Jewish Perspectives
- Conservative Jewish Perspectives
- Orthodox Jewish Perspectives
- Reconstructionist Jewish Perspectives
- Non-Jewish Perspectives
Bereshit: Shabbat Dates (in the disaspora, as listed by Hebcal)
- 06 October 2018
- 26 October 2019
- 17 October 2020
- 02 October 2021
- 22 October 2022
- 14 October 2023
- 26 October 2024
- 18 October 2025
- 10 October 2026
- 30 October 2027
- 14 October 2028
- 06 October 2029
- 26 October 2030
- 11 October 2031
Other Jewish Liturgical Resources
Portions of the text of Bereshit are found in the following Christian liturgies: